Life Allan Kardec
Hippolyte Leon Denizard Rivail, this was the name of
birth to 50 years, when it became spirit began to sign (Allan
Kardec), was born on October 3, 1804, in Lyon,
France. He was the son of a judge, Jean-Baptiste Antoine
Rivail, and his mother's name was Jeanne Louise Duhamel.
Born in an old Catholic family of orientation with
tradition in the judiciary and lawyers, expressed early
propensity for the study of science and philosophy.
He studied at the School of Pestalozzi, at the Castle of
Zähringen in Yverdun, Switzerland (Protestant country),
making it one of his most distinguished disciples and
active propagator of his method, which had such great
influence on education reform in France and Germany. At
fourteen years of age has taught his colleagues less
Completed their studies, young Rivail returned to his
native country. Deep knowledge of the German language,
translated for this language different works of
education and morals, especially the works of François
Fénelon, by which it expressed particular attraction.
Rivail was linguist, knowing the background German,
English, Italian and Spanish, also having knowledge of
Dutch. Furthermore, had different ways, jovial mood, it
was good and accommodating.
He was a member of several societies, including the
Royal Academy of Arras, which, in a contest sponsored in
1831, awarded him a memory with the theme What is the
system of study more in line with the needs of the time?
The February 6, 1832 he married Amélie Gabrielle Boudet.
As a teacher, the young Rivail devoted himself to the
struggle for greater democratization of public education.
Between 1835 and 1840, remained in his residence, the
street of Sèvres, free courses in Chemistry, Physics,
Anatomy, Astronomy and others. During this period,
concerned with teaching, has created an ingenious method
of teaching to count and a framework nemônico History of
France, to facilitate the student to memorize the dates
of the events of greatest expression and discovery of
each reign of the country.
He published several works on Education.
According to his testimony, published in Posthumous
Works, was in 1854 that Prof.. Rivail heard for the
first time the phenomenon of "turning tables" widespread
at the time, through his friend Fortier, a longtime
magnetizer. Without giving too much attention to the
story at the time, attributing it only to so-called
animal magnetism that he was studious, only in May 1855
effectively turned his curiosity for the tables, when
she started attending meetings at which such phenomena
Convinced that the movement and the complex responses of
the tables were due to the intervention of spirits,
Rivail devoted to the structuring of a proposed
understanding of reality based on the need for
integration between scientific knowledge, philosophical
and religious, with the on the goal of launching a real
look that no neglect nor the imperative of empirical
research in building the knowledge nor the spiritual
dimension and interior of man. Adopted in this task, the
pseudonym that become known - Allan Kardec - name
it according to what would have told you a spirit that
would have used in a previous incarnation as a Druid.
Having started the publication of works of encoding
April 18, 1857, came to light when The Book of Spirits,
considered the foundation of Spiritualism in March after
the release of the Spiritist Magazine (January 1, 1858),
founded in same year the first spiritist society
regularly constituted under the name of the Parisian
Society of Spiritist Studies.
Kardec spent the final years of his life
dedicated to the dissemination of Spiritism among the
various supporters, and defend it from opponents.
He died in Paris on March 31, 1869, at 64 years
of age, due to the rupture of an aneurysm while working
on a book about the relationship between magnetism and
spiritism, while it was preparing for a change of
workplace. He is buried in Père-Lachaise, a famous
cemetery in the French capital. On his tomb, erected as
the Druidic dolmens, reads the inscription: "To be
born, die, be reborn again and progressing unceasingly,
such is the law."
In his burial, the French astronomer and a friend of
Kardec Camille Flammarion, delivered the following
speech, emphasizing his admiration for one who descended
there to grave:
Come back to this world from whence we came and reaping
the fruit of thy ground studies. Sleeps at our feet thy
mantle, became extinct your brain, if you shut your eyes
open for no more, no more will be heard your word ... We
know that all we have to dive on that last sleep, of
returning to the same inertia, the same powder. But is
not this wrapper we put our glory and our hope. Tomba's
body, the soul remains and returns to space. We will
find a better world and the immense sky where we will
use our most precious faculties, which will continue the
studies for the development of which the Earth is too
cramped theater. So long, my dear Allan Kardec, by sight
"(Speech delivered at the tomb of Allan Kardec by
Thus arose the Spiritism: with the action of the High
Spirits, supported by moral and cultural maturity of
Allan Kardec, the role of the encoder.
With the motto "Out of love there is no salvation",
seeks to emphasize the equality of men before God,
tolerance, freedom of conscience and mutual benevolence.
And it is this principle add another: "Unshakable
faith is that which can face reason face to face, in all
ages of mankind." Allan Kardec explains:
"A rational faith that relies on facts and logic,
leaving no dark: it is believed, because it sure is true
if and only when realized."
Called "common sense
incarnate" by the famous astronomer Camille
The basic works
of Kardec coding are as follows in chronological order
1. The Book of
Spirits - April 18, 1857
The Mediums' Book - January 1861
3. The Gospel
According to Spiritism - April 1864
4. Heaven and Hell
the miracles and predictions - January 1868
Allan Kardec also wrote two other books
of lesser scope:
What is Spiritualism
and in 1890, P.G.
Leymarie publishes book Posthumous Works,
containing articles Kardec.
read the summary of
the works >>>
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